ADDIE model is useful in the effective development of Open Educational Resources ( OERs).
The preparation of OER starts with this first step. During analysis, the designer identifies the learning problem, the goals and objectives, the learners needs, existing knowledge, and any other relevant characteristics.Analysis also considers the learning environment, any constraints, the delivery options, and the timeline for the project. In order to carry out this task, the subject matter needs to be analyzed thoroughly. Secondly, the interest and requirements of the target learners are to be examined carefully to determine the appropriate learning environment. Hence this phase become the base for proceeding to the next phase, that is, design phase.
It is a systematic process of specifying learning objectives. The design phase deals with learning objectives, assessment instruments, exercises, content, subject matter analysis, and lesson planning and media selection.The design phase should be systematic and specific. Systematic implies a logical, orderly method of identifying, developing and evaluating a set of planned strategies targeted for attaining the project’s goals and the term Specific is used for each element of the instructional design plan needs.
3. Development :
This is the stage of the actual creation (production) of the content and learning materials based on the Design phase. In the development phase, the developers create and assemble the content assets that were created in the design phase. The project is reviewed and revised according to any feedback given. It is a process of creation and testing of learning experiences to find out whether the learning needs and characteristics of the learner been accurately analyzed, whether the problem statement, the instructional goals and the instructional objectives appropriate for the learning needs of the students. It is a form of demonstrated teaching- learning process which is carried out initially in a simulated setting and then in the targeted workspace.
During the implementation phase, a procedure for the learners is developed. Negative responses indicate a need for revision. It is the presentation of the learning experiences to the participants. It may involve trying out the best use of interactive learning materials, presenting classroom instruction or administrating the testing tools. It also finds out to what extent are the teaching resources, instructional strategies and the learners’ learning experiences successful in effectively meeting the instructional goals and objectives of the target audience.
5. Evaluation Phase:
The evaluation phase consists of two parts: formative and summative. Formative evaluation is present in each stage of the this process and the summative evaluation is prepared at the end of the learning process in order to test the learning outcomes.
In short we are going to make use of all the steps of ADDIE Model for development of our OERs